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10 Side Effects of Fistula Operation or Open Surgery

10 Side-Effects of Fistula Operation or Open Surgery

Fistula operations, including open surgeries, are critical for treating anal fistulas, but they can come with various side effects. It's essential to be well-informed about these potential complications to make an educated decision and manage your expectations post-surgery.

At Piles Fistula Clinic, we prioritize patient education and care, providing you with comprehensive insights into the side effects of fistula operations.

Understanding Fistula Surgery

An anal fistula is an abnormal connection between the end of the bowel and the skin near the anus. Surgery is often required to treat this condition, and while it is generally effective, there are side effects associated with the procedure.

1. Pain and Discomfort


Post-surgery pain is common as the body heals from the operation. The severity of pain can vary based on the complexity of the surgery and individual pain tolerance.

Pain relief can be managed with prescribed medications and over-the-counter painkillers. It's essential to follow your surgeon's advice on pain management strategies.

2. Infection


Infections are a potential side effect of any surgical procedure. In the case of fistula surgery, infections can occur at the incision site or internally.

  • Symptoms
  • Redness
  • Swelling
  • Fever
  • Discharge of pus

Prevention and Treatment

Maintaining proper hygiene, taking prescribed antibiotics, and following post-operative care instructions can help prevent infections.

3. Bleeding


Bleeding is another possible complication following fistula surgery. Minor bleeding is expected, but excessive bleeding requires immediate medical attention.

Prevention and Treatment

Regularly changing dressings and avoiding strenuous activities can help manage and reduce bleeding.

4. Incontinence


Incontinence, or the inability to control bowel movements, can occur if the sphincter muscles are damaged during surgery. This side effect is more common in complex fistula surgeries.


Physical therapy and specialized exercises can help improve muscle strength and control.

5. Scarring


Scarring is a natural part of the healing process but can sometimes lead to discomfort or cosmetic concerns.

Prevention and Treatment

Using scar-reducing creams and following proper wound care can minimize scarring.

6. Recurrence of Fistula


There is a possibility that the fistula may recur even after successful surgery. This can happen if the underlying cause is not fully addressed.

Prevention and Treatment
Regular follow-up visits and monitoring for any signs of recurrence are essential.

7. Constipation


Post-operative constipation can occur due to pain medications, reduced mobility, or changes in diet.

Prevention and Treatment

Staying hydrated, eating a high-fiber diet, and using stool softeners can help alleviate constipation.

8. Delayed Wound Healing


In some cases, wounds may take longer to heal due to infection, poor blood circulation, or other underlying health conditions.

Prevention and Treatment

Ensuring proper nutrition, avoiding smoking, and following your doctor's care plan can promote faster healing.

9. Abscess Formation


Abscesses can form if the surgical site becomes infected. This may require additional surgical intervention to drain the abscess.

Prevention and Treatment

Prompt medical attention and maintaining good hygiene are crucial to prevent abscess formation.

10. Emotional and Psychological Impact


Undergoing surgery and dealing with its side effects can be emotionally and psychologically challenging. Patients may experience anxiety, depression, or stress.


Seeking support from family, friends, or a mental health professional can be beneficial. Joining support groups with others who have undergone similar procedures can also provide comfort and advice.

How Piles Fistula Clinic Can Help

At PilesFistulaClinic, we are committed to providing comprehensive care and support for our patients. Here's how we can assist you:

Pre-Surgery Consultation

Our experienced surgeons will provide detailed information about the surgery, potential side effects, and what to expect during the recovery process.

Post-Operative Care

We offer personalized post-operative care plans to ensure a smooth recovery. Our team is available to address any concerns and provide guidance on managing side effects.

Advanced Treatment Options

We utilize the latest techniques and technologies to minimize side effects and improve patient outcomes. Our minimally invasive procedures are designed to reduce pain, bleeding, and recovery time.

Support Services

Understanding the emotional impact of surgery, we offer counseling and support groups to help you navigate your recovery journey.

Patient Testimonials

Sarah M.

"I was anxious about my fistula surgery, but the team at PilesFistulaClinic made me feel comfortable and well-informed. The post-operative care was exceptional, and I recovered without any major issues."

Raj Kumar

"After struggling with a recurrent fistula, I finally found relief at PilesFistulaClinic. The doctors were knowledgeable, and the advanced treatment options minimized my discomfort and downtime."


Fistula operations, while essential for treating anal fistulas, come with potential side effects that patients need to be aware of. Understanding these side effects and how to manage them can significantly improve your recovery experience. At PilesFistulaClinic, we are dedicated to providing top-notch care, ensuring that you receive the best possible treatment with minimal side effects.

If you or a loved one is considering fistula surgery, contact Piles Fistula Clinic today to schedule a consultation. Our expert team is here to guide you through every step of your treatment and recovery journey. Fissure Doctor in Ghaziabad

Contact Us Today

P - 86, Block P, Sector 23, Sanjay Nagar, Raj Nagar, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh 201001, Phone : +91-8595786909, Email :

Take the first step towards a healthier, pain-free life with PilesFistulaClinic. Your well-being is our priority, and we are here to support you every step of the way.